Purchase of Animals


1.  Animals that have passed inspection will have an inspection date. If the animal still needs to be inspected the certificate will specify so.
2.  Name of animal.
3.  Particulars of animal itself in square.
Top half: sire with his sire and dam and their ancestors Ė sire always upper side and dam lower side of animal. Lower half: dam with her sire and her dam and ancestors.
5.  Birth Status: S = Single, TW = Twin (beware: see 6)
, TR = Triplet 
6.  Sex of twin M (bull) or F (female). With bull/heifer twin the heifer is infertile.
7.  ďAIĒ if begotten by artificial insemination.
8.  Country of origin: ZA = South Africa
, NA = Namibia, DE = Germany, AT = Austria as well as other international two letter codes.
9.  Identification tattooed in the animalís ear Ė check with ear.
10.  Herd Book section:  F1, F2, F3,
SP and FC (cum).
P = natural polled.
This line contains the breeding values (EBVs) of the animal.  This is the best prediction of how an animalís progeny will perform. Below indicated with ō is the breedís
        average breeding value.

Breeding Values:
    ■  Birth:  Birth weight (coupled to calving ease) - the lower (negative) the better. ō (Stands for breed average) = 1.4
    ■  200:  Weaning weight or pre-wean growth. Important for heavy weaners. Genetic related to 400 and 600 days. ō 15
    ■  400:  400 Day or yearling weight. Genetic related to 200 and 600 days. ō 21
    ■  600:  600 Day weight - beware for too high. ō 28
    ■  Cow:  Mature cow weight. Aim for average. This breeding value should be lower than the 600 days. Ø 28. Also compare this with the 200 days in order to determine relative
         weaning weight.
    ■  Milk:  Milk of cows or bullís daughters. ō 4

13.  The breeding value (EBV) evaluation date - always ask for the certificate with the latest data. (The latest data can always be accessed via the website. Follow the
        EBV Enquiry link, enter the animalís ID and click on search.)
14.  The accuracy or reliability of the breeding values: the higher these figure the better. Even an EBV with a low accuracy is a more accurate indicator of the animalís genetic
        value than a performance test index or weight.
15.  Breeding values for (starting at the top) sireís sire; sire; sireís dam and below damís sire, dam and damís dam.
Animals that have been DNA tested will have a DNA profile number here. Compulsory for breeding bulls.


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